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What Is Interstitial Cystitis?

Hijacking some essential info about Interstitial cystitis can come handy in today’s times. Once a rare disease in the 90’s has now become a common and recurrent health condition some major continents. The foremost alarming signal of Interstitial cystitis is of pain and inflammation in the pelvic region. The intensity of the aforementioned symptoms entirely depends on the fullness of bladder. As this condition involves the region of bladder, a drastic change in the urination patterns can be witnessed, for instance, the patients can notice a change in the frequency and withhold potential of urine. Interstitial cystitis tends to be a worser health condition for women. Females can expect a fluctuation in the amount of agonizing pain they go through during the phases of their menstrual cycles. In fact, women can even feel devoid of sexual pleasure. The severity of Interstitial cystitis varies to a major extent from one person to another. Patients who urinate frequently under normal circumstances can look out for the abnormal urine frequency pattern named as nocturia. Nocturia is a condition that augments the frequent of night time urination.

When left untreated, Interstitial cystitis, can pave way for serious health concerns like:

pyelonephritis, kidney failure and sepsis. The darkness of this infectious health condition tends to engulf the normality of pregnancy too. The prominent issues that pregnant women encounter when they suffer with Interstitial cystitis are of premature birth and low birth weight of the baby. The dimensions of female urethra mark its predilection in this gender. Furthermore, the occurrence frequency can be narrowed down to the women who use birth control options and are post menopausal. Some of the other health conditions that can hike the incidence parameter of Interstitial cystitis are kidney stones, HIV and diabetes.

What Are The Most Common Causes Of interstitial cystitis

While interstitial cystitis is a condition that is believed to have stemmed from an untreated urinary tract infection, there are a plethora of underlying errors that can lead to its occurrence.

  • Menstrual Periods
  • Catheters
  • A partially evacuated bladder can form the platform for the vegetative growth of Enterobacteriaceae. This is a normal bladder scenario of a pregnant woman or a man with a hypertrophic prostate gland.
  • Kidney Problems
  • Postponement Of Urination
  • Homosexual Men Are Prone To Interstitial Cystitis

What Is Honeymoon Cystitis?

Fancified variant of cystitis - Honeymoon Cystitis is caused by the urinary tract infection strikes a girl after her first coitus. Other than the plausible causative factor - bad hygiene, a major portion of the incidence of Honeymoon Cystitis can be laid on the vaginal does and antiseptic lotions that alter/disturb the normal vaginal environment. Familial inheritance of a compromised immune system can be duly noted as another factor that can not only back up the first but recurrent episodes of Honeymoon Cystitis in a woman.

One can be sure of stalling the aggressiveness of honeymoon cystitis by grasping the early essence of its symptoms:

  • Pain & discomfort in the pelvic region
  • Constant presence of the feel of wetness and itch in the region of groin
  • Change in the color of urine to red
  • Urgency of urinating doesn’t tally with the quantity of urine produced

Nevertheless, it is important to confirm the diagnosis of Honeymoon Cystitis by undergoing the investigation suggested for candidiasis, pyelonephritis and Chlamydia. The regular investigation indicated for Honeymoon Cystitis is that of dipstick urine test. This test is conducted for confirming the levels of nitrites and leukocyte esterase in the urine. The prime cystitis causing bacteria - Enterobacteriaceae is capable of producing nitrite from urinary nitrate. Yet another confirmatory test that can be run in the cases of Honeymoon Cystitis is of mid-stream urine test.

Honeymoon Cystitis can be treated with rigorous use of oral antibiotics. The combination of antibiotics and the duration of antibiotic regime is determined by the intensity of the symptoms. While a symptomatic relief can be noticed by the cystitis patients within a time period of 24 to 48 hours, it is advisable to opt for the long-term regimen of antibiotics to pluck out even the slightest chance of its recurrence. A standard antibiotic regime duration recommended for the patients of cystitis is that of 2 weeks.

The upsetting symptoms of honeymoon cystitis can be further alleviated by the addition of an analgesic to the antibiotic regimen. honeymoon cystitis is not an uncommon occurrence in any part of the world today which means that keeping a grab over the frequency of coitus can stall the chances of its incidences. Furthermore, the incident of honeymoon cystitis in a person who has suffered with the same before can be deducted with the regular intake of cranberry juices or supplements. To avoid any resistance from the end of causative bacteria to the antibiotics, it is advisable to strictly adhere to the schedule of med timings.

Adjusting a few nicks and corners of our lifestyle can zero the chances of a fresh incidence of honeymoon cystitis:

  • Urinating (whether the urge or not) before and after having a sexual intercourse
  • Abstaining from the intake of coffee
  • Keeping away from any of the cosmetics and does that might serve as a source of irritation to the urethral lining
  • Thorough cleaning of the vaginal area
  • Natural supplements such as Cranberry tablets , D-mannose tablets or Naturesbiotic

Women who have been sterile for a while or the ones who are undergoing the process of menopause should be aware of the fact that the chances of incidence or recurrence of honeymoon cystitis is double in their cases. A prime reason that links honeymoon cystitis with menopause is of vaginal atrophy. Vaginal atrophy is health condition that is caused by the thinning of the vaginal viscera. This weakening change of the vaginal viscera is induced by the age-related decline in the hormones. Postmenopausal women can also witness a feel of lubrication deficiency in the vaginal area for the same reason. These physiological changes in the vaginal region lead to vaginal soreness and therefore honeymoon cystitis.

What Treatments Are There For Cystitis

There there are a couple of clinical trials still in line for confirming a standard cure for interstitial cystitis. Meanwhile, there are some treatment modalities that can be opted for curbing the flare of interstitial cystitis.Bladder instillation : Also known as, the bubble bath for bladder, bladder instillation involves the filling of bladder region with a solution for a couple of minutes and then flushed out of the system. The solution used in this procedure contains dimethyl sulfoxide or DMSO. This procedure involves the use of the guidance of a catheter that is widdled up the line that follows the route of urethra to bladder. A smooth stream of DMSO is passed through the catheter. After a retention of approx. 15 minutes, the DMSO solution is flushed out of the system.

While the prescribed sittings for the bladder instillation procedure range between 6 to 8 (one sitting per week) , patients have reported a drastic improvement in their health after the 3rd or 4th sitting. Physicians prescribe DMSO treatment for a wide variety of other urinary tract infections too. Patients suffering with interstitial cystitis can cut off the nocturia and pain symptoms with the aid of this breakthrough therapy. The only setback that can be experienced by the patients recovering with the use of DMSO treatment is of a foul odor that lasts for a couple of hours after every session of DMSO treatment.

Electrical Nerve Stimulation: In addition to, being a low-priced treatment modality, electrical nerve stimulation is a multifaceted remedial measure too. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used for alleviating the symptoms of interstitial cystitis and hunner’s ulcers. Nevertheless, this treatment modality does show a bias towards smokers in the form of slow recovery. Parameters of the intensity and the duration of this procedure for the patients who suffer with interstitial cystitis are determined by the prognosis of interstitial cystitis.

The nervous stimulation provided for the region of bladder is energized by the electrodes that are connected to a metric device. The scaling of the duration of every sitting is based on patient comfort and can therefore range from minutes to hours. The electrodes are ideally placed in the regions of pubis, and/or the lower back. The electrical pulses that are conducted through the wires are measured and decent enough to keep the muscle contractions under control. As an added vantage to the muscle strengthening in the pelvic region, electrical nerve stimulation helps the patients of interstitial cystitis to cope up with the pain’s transmission too.

Cystitis patients can go for the option of mobile nerve stimulation devices too. These devices are battery operated and can be taped to the same region of pubis or lower back. The crucial vantage of these devices is comfort. Patients can undergo this therapy in the comfort of their home and can avoid the hassle of booking a appointment for electrical nerve stimulation at any health facility over and over again. The mobile version of electrical nerve stimulated has been marketed in the name of Inter-Stim.

Natural Supplements: As much natural supplements contribute to the health of the human bladder, an equal proportion of damage can be expected from the artificial preservatives and sweeteners that are added to the drinks and foods these days. In fact some interstitial cystitis patients have reported worsening of the symptoms of cystitis after consumption of drinks that contained artificial preservatives and sweeteners. A sufficient amount of bladder control in this condition can be achieved with the use of medications like antimuscarinics and tricyclic antidepressant as they take a firm hold over the functioning of nerves and muscles in the bladder region.

Nevertheless, long-term use of the aforementioned meds is inadvisable. Natural supplements like cranberries can cater to the demands of the body’s immune system in interstitial cystitis. Coping with the effects of long-term antibiotics can come heavy on the patients of interstitial cystitis. Cranberries are composed of proanthocyanidins that can severe the passage of bacteria that initiate any form of cystitis. Cranberry supplements can serve as cautionary as well as follow-up remedy for a case of interstitial cystitis. The inflammation asset of interstitial cystitis can be taken care of by the phytonutrient that are present in sufficient levels in cranberry supplements. Cranberries are successful in accomplishing the task of subduing inflammation by inhibiting the activity of the enzymes that trigger the secretion of pro-inflammatory messaging molecules.

Surgery: Last but still an available resort - Surgery can be a treatment option that can be opted for if all the aforementioned lines of treatment haven’t worked for the patient. There are 2 surgical procedures available in current medical facilities for the ail of interstitial cystitis - Fulguration and Resectioning. The procedure of fulguration involves fuming of ulcers that get formed on the bladder walls when the condition of cystitis has been in the body for a really long time. This fuming process is accomplished with the use of laser and/or electrodes. On the other hand, resectioning involves incision of ulcerative lesions that exist on the bladder walls. Surgical procedures for cystitis are carried out under general anesthesia and involve the use of cystoscope. Surgical procedures that involve the use of lasers should be performed by surgeons with a very accurate level of expertise. A lesser invasive technique tat can be opted for by the patients is of Augmention. As the term suggests, this procedure involves the use of tools that scrape some tissue lining from the regions of colon and intestine and attached to the damaged sections of bladder walls. Over a period of time these patches heal and become a part of the smooth lining mucosa of the bladder walls. Minor discomforts that follow the aforementioned surgical procedures are pain, difficulty in absorption of nutrients. The jurisdiction of bladder region can be maintained in a orderly manner by opting for the right procedures and care at the right time.

References: Reference 1 Reference 2 Reference 3 Reference 4 Reference 5 Reference 6 Reference 7

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